As we rely more on computers, the Internet of Things and smart devices like robots and cars, cyber threats grow more sophisticated and complex. Cybersecurity is the set of technologies, measures and practices designed to protect digital assets, including data and applications, from unauthorized access and use.
The cybersecurity tools available to keep these assets safe are constantly evolving, and so is the threat landscape. Some examples of cybersecurity tools include firewalls, encryption software and penetration testing. These tools are not the only way to prevent data breaches, but they’re an important part of a robust security strategy.
Malware (computer viruses, Trojans and spyware) exploits security vulnerabilities to steal confidential information from a computer or network. This information may be used for illegal purposes, such as extortion, ransom or blackmail. It may also be sold to others for profit or used for other malicious activities, such as spying and identity theft. This type of attack is most common against government entities, but hackers, known as hacktivists, can also target organizations for their own political or social agendas.
Regular backups of data make it easier to restore lost or stolen files and settings. Encryption software makes it harder for hackers to read sensitive information because they won’t have the decryption key. And multi-factor authentication requires a password and another piece of information, such as a biometric scan or physical token, to gain access to a company’s systems. This extra step raises the bar for hackers, which may help prevent some breaches. Security Operations Center